Flare Index to Treaties (Open Access on the Website of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (IALS) – a searchable database containing basic information on more than 2,000 of the major multilateral treaties and some bilateral agreements concluded between 1353 and today, with details on where the full text of each contract is available and, if applicable, available, Electronic form on the Internet. At present, the likelihood of international agreements being concluded through executive agreements is ten times more likely. Despite the relative ease of executive agreements, the president still often chooses to follow the formal contractual process of an executive agreement in order to gain congressional support on issues that require Congress to pass implementing legislation or appropriate means, as well as agreements that impose complex long-term legal obligations on the United States. For example, the agreement between the United States, Iran and other countries is not a treaty. `Any treaty or international agreement concluded by a member of the United Nations. is registered as soon as possible with the Secretariat and published by the Secretariat. (Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations) Originally, international law did not accept and refused reservations of contracts, unless all parties accepted the same reservations. However, in order to encourage as many States as possible to accede to treaties, more permissing regulations on reservations had emerged. While some treaties still expressly prohibit reservations, they are now generally permitted to the extent that they are not contrary to the objectives and purposes of the treaty. The Australian Treaty Series (Open Access in AustLII) website lists all the contracts to which Australia is connected and links to the full text – the contracts are listed chronologically and can also be viewed by theme. In addition, the Australian Treaties Library on AustLII refers to other contractual resources such as links to contracts not yet in force, contracts under negotiation and information relating to the integration of contracts into national law, both the process and the binding nature of the rights and obligations created by the contract. A treaty is a formal and binding written agreement concluded by actors of international law, usually sovereign states and international organizations, but also individuals and other actors.  A treaty may also be designated, inter alia, as an international agreement, protocol, pact, convention, pact or exchange of letters.
Regardless of the terminology, only instruments binding on the parties are considered treaties under international law.  A treaty is legally binding. . . .