In a June 1, 2017 televised address in the White House Rose Garden, Trump said, ”To fulfill my solemn duty to protect the United States and its citizens, the United States will withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement,” adding, ”Ultimately, the Paris Agreement at the highest level is very unfair to the United States.”  He said that the agreement, if implemented, would cost $3 trillion in GDP and 6.5 million jobs in the United States.  He added that it would ”undermine our economy, cripple our workers” and ”effectively decapitate our coal industry.”  He said he was open to renegotiating the agreement or negotiating a new agreement, but European and UN leaders said the pact ”cannot be renegotiated at the request of one party.”  Trump also criticized the Green Climate Fund and called it a program to redistribute wealth from rich to poor countries.  ”To be simple, the United States should stick with the other 189 parties to the agreement and not go out alone.” Some general principles are worth considering. Under international law, the term ”treaty” is one of the many conditions of a binding international agreement. Not all agreements that are ”treaties” within the meaning of international law, that create a binding international obligation, are not ”treaties” in the constitutional sense. It is generally accepted that there is a class of international agreements to which the President can engage the United States under his own responsibility, without invoking the treaty process. However, the scope of the Sole Executive Agreement (SOE) category is controversial. ”The decision to leave the Paris agreement was wrong when it was announced, and it`s still wrong today,” said Helen Mountford of the World Resources Institute. 2. The United States is an outlier when it comes to not seeking national ratification for the agreement. Some argue that even if Trump`s failure to accept the obligations under the agreement was consistent with the Constitution, it would violate an international obligation and weaken foreign confidence in U.S.
bonds. Yet, abroad, there is no reason to complain if the United States insists that the agreement be treated as a treaty that requires it to be submitted to the legislature – because that is exactly what it has dealt with itself. Indeed, the talks at the corner of the White House will raise new expectations for a significant increase in its ambitions for Australia under the Paris agreement. The commitment of a net zero emission target will be only the first. ”We know that the UK and the EU, as well as the UN Secretary-General, are planning an event on 12 December, the fifth anniversary of the conclusion of negotiations on the Paris Agreement, where they will try to achieve more ambition,” said Andrew Light. The universal interpretation of the agreement as a treaty cuts off Obama`s insistence that he is not one. (It should also be noted that ACCORDS are almost inevitable for multilateral agreements themselves, let alone for global agreements.) A treaty is an international agreement and, in a multilateral treaty, the views of the other signatories at least prove whether it creates binding commitments during ratification. On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would end all participation in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement and begin negotiations to reintroduce the agreement ”on a level playing field for the United States, its businesses, its workers, their people, its taxpayers” or form a new agreement.  In withdrawing from the agreement, Trump said that ”the Paris agreement will hurt the U.S. economy” and ”permanently penalize the United States.”   Trump stated that the withdrawal would be consistent with his America First policy.